is the medical term for high blood pressure. It's
defined in an adult as a blood pressure greater than
or equal to 140 mm Hg systolic pressure or greater
than or equal to 90 mm Hg diastolic pressure. Blood
pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mm
Hg). High blood pressure directly increases the risk
of coronary heart disease (which leads to heart attack)
and stroke, kidney failure especially along with other
Tips For How You Can Manage High Blood Pressure.
Check your blood pressure regularly: Of
the people that have high blood pressure, 32% don't
know they have it and are causing stress and strain
on their heart without even realizing it. Your blood
pressure tends to increase slightly with age, so it's
a good idea to have your doctor check it at least
once per year.
Reduce your sodium intake:
Too much sodium (found in table salt) can aggravate
high blood pressure by causing your body to retain
excessive fluids. These fluids can make it harder
for your heart to pump effectively and can irritate
blood vessels that are already sensitive.
Limit cholesterol and fats: Too much dietary
cholesterol and saturated fats can build up on the
inner walls of blood vessels and cause strain on them.
Limit your daily cholesterol to no more than 100 mg
of cholesterol per 1,000 calories of food. Restrict
saturated fats to no more than 10% of your daily calories.
Follow food labels carefully and track your progress.
Exercise regularly: Regular
exercise of any form if done religiously helps lower
blood pressure as well as raises levels of "protective"
HDL cholesterol (the kind that carries artery-clogging
cholesterol out of your blood). Just make sure you
consult with you physician before you start an exercise
program and don't overdo it, especially when you first
Stop smoking: If
you smoke, stop right now! Smoking both raises your
blood pressure and causes higher levels of artery-clogging
Take prescribed medications:
Finally, if your doctor prescribes medication,
make sure you take it faithfully in addition to any
dietary modifications and exercise programs recommended.
Too often, people take medication irregularly or not
at all, causing them to be right back in the high-risk
category. If you experience side effects, don't stop
taking your medication. Instead, notify your doctor
who can recommend an alternate type of medicine.