CAREER OPTIONS FOR WOMEN IN INDIA

Today women with their smartness, grace and elegance have conquered the whole world. They with their hard work and sincerity have excelled in each and every profession. Women are considered to be more honest, meticulous, and efficient and hence more and more companies prefer hiring women for better performance and result. Women prefer all types of job but a few favourites are listed below.

Air Hostess
Advertising
Advocate
Electronic Engineer
Software Engineer
Fashion Designer
Journalism
Teacher
Business Executive
Beautician
Doctor





AIR HOSTESS
This is a very promising career option and more and more Indian women are looking forward to being an airhostess. Many young girls opt airhostess as a full-fledged career prospect because of the exciting experience of flying and interacting with different kinds of people on board and visiting different countries. Liberalization of air policies have immensely increased the demand of air supplies and as a result of which there are a lot of job opportunities available in this field. However the truth is this profession requires lot of hard work, commitment, smartness, courage and total dedication.

Eligibility and Personal Qualities
There are many institutes in India, which offer short-term diploma course and training to candidates who go for choosing Airhostess as a career. For airhostess, all public and private air carriers like Air India, Indian Airlines, and etc. recruit young girls in the age group of 19 to 25 and of minimum height 157.5cm. Education qualification should be graduation preferably with diploma in Hotel management or tourism. There are three or six months training course offered by many Private institutes for which the education qualification is 10+2.

The basic requirement and essential qualities that area must while selecting young girls are pleasing personality, polite, good sense of humor, excellent conversational skills, good health and stamina, good at dealing and mixing up with people, ability to react quickly in times of emergency, good presence of mind. Additional feature, which is optional, is the ability to converse in other foreign language.

Curriculum
The whole syllabus deals with technical or non-technical aspect of the aircrafts. Candidates are made to learn In-flight Service, Passenger Handling, Passenger psychology, service of meals on the Aircraft, the art of negotiation and conversation, transactional analysis, emergency evacuation system, personal grooming and hygiene, first aid, confidence building, handling of visual impaired passengers, making announcements, Emergency demonstration etc.

Educational Institutions

There are many institutions that impart training and degree course. A few renowned names are listed below.

1. YMCA, New Delhi
2. Sahara Aviation Academy, Sahara Airlines
3. Skyline Educational Institute, Hauz Khas, Delhi
4. Dean Travel and Tours (P) Ltd, Banglore

Job Prospects
All private airlines namely Sahara, Jet Airways, British Airways etc. and government owned air services like Air India and Indian Airlines.




ADVERTISING
Advertising is a hot field. The standard of Indian ads have improved so well that our ads are being compared with the world wide best rated advertisements. An ad should captivate the minds of the consumers and also create a reliable image of the product in the consumer's mind. It can also inform the public about numerous social, health and civic issues. Today, careers in advertising have seen an unprecedented rise and more and more young girls opt for this career.

Eligibility and Personal Qualities
Two types of courses are available in advertising. After 10+2, the government and private institutes offer three-year degree courses. Besides this, most institutes offer a PG diploma in advertising. Management students also prefer to start their career in an advertising agency as they can play a vital role in planning and client servicing.

Personal qualifications involved are enormous imagination and fantasizing capacity. Good communication skills, creativity, a patient and calm temperament, ability to work under pressure, command over the language, good organizational skills and team spirit.

Curriculum
The purpose of a course in advertising is to prepare professionals who can plan, create and launch ad campaigns successfully. The organisational setup of an advertising agency has a client servicing team, a creative department for executing the advertising plan as per the clients proposal, Media Department for planning, scheduling, booking and purchasing space and time in newspapers, magazines, radio, TV and hoardings; Production department for the final look of the advertisement and the Market Research Department to find out the public's response to a product/service.

Educational Institutions
Some of the good institutes are -
1. Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai.
2. St. Xavier's College of Communications, Mumbai.
3. KC college of Management, Mumbai
4. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, (Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Delhi, etc.)
5. Indian Institute of Mass Communications (IIMC), New Delhi.
6. Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad. (MICA)
7. Centre For Mass Media, YMCA, New Delhi

Job Prospects
The popularity of advertising in the promotion of a product and its importance is growing day by day. With the increase of channels, radio stations and FM stations all over the country, the need for good professionals is in this field is increasing by the day. The salary, terms and conditions vary from organisation to organisation.




ADVOCATE
A career in Legal field is now a days very much preferred by women. An advocate's job demands integrity, hard work, extensive reading and memorizing capacity and excellent negotiating and convincing field. For a woman, the job of an advocate gives her respect, recognition and an esteemed social status. As of late the presence of Indian women in the court of law is immensely increasing and is quite impressive.

Eligibility and Personal Qualities
For getting a law degree either you can join a 5-year-course right after 10+2 or you can join a 3-year course after graduation. There may not be 3-year courses in many states and you have to join the 5-year course but it depends on the State education policies. There are two ways to become an advocate.

In this profession one needs to be very hard working, intelligent, have a great memory and patient because in this field the initial years are not rewarding and it takes some years to be established. Only rigorous practice and experience makes the study worthwhile.

Curriculum
The syllabus includes every aspect of law that a society deals with. It covers subjects like constitutional laws, law of torts, criminal laws, family law, property law, labour law, limitation and arbitration, international law, administrative law, civil procedure code, negotiable instruments consumer act, drafting and pleading, etc. For further exposure and experience, one has to take part in the frequently held All-India Moot Court Competition wherein Judges are invited and students have to argue given cases before them. It is a very good experience that a student gets and by this a law student becomes aware of all the aspects of legal practice.

Educational Institutions
Some of the good and renowned institutes are -
1. Government Law College, Mumbai
2. National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore.
3. Symbiosis Society's Law College, Pune.
4. ILS Law College, Pune
5. Indian Law Institute, New Delhi.
6. University of Chennai, Chennai
7. Calcutta University, Calcutta.

Job Prospects
After completing the LLB course, the first thing that one has to do is to register yourself to the Bar Council of the State. Even while you are studying you can join any firm or advocate and work there to gain experience and knowledge. You have to work under some reputed firm of senior advocates or under any advocate who has a standing of at least 15 years of practice and who has a good practice at least for four or five years. The second option is to work in some solicitor firm and do chamber work like drafting, conveyance and preparing petitions. You can also join various private, multinational or government companies as law officers, hotels or other offices as legal advisors. After gaining experience and once you have at least 10 years standing at the bar you can also opt for Government pleader posts or public prosecutors post.




ELECTRONIC ENGINEER
Electronics engineering is as challenging and in demand as software engineering these days. Communication, office, defense, industry, entertainment, television, etc use and rely on electronic equipments and thus they are an inseparable part of our daily work. Electronic engineers are the brain behind these inventions. They are the one's who have created these electronic gadgets for us to enjoy and design these electronic equipments for the use in various fields and areas. Thus electronic engineers play an important role and the profession in thus in great demand.

Eligibility and personal qualities

Engineering courses are done after doing 10+2 by acquiring at least 75 % and above marks in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics (PCM) and also preferably Computer Science. Several State Government Engineering colleges normally hold entrance tests for BE. You can also do B. Tech. Both these courses are of 4 years duration while diploma in any branch of engineering from polytechnic institutes is of 2 to 3 years. Selection to engineering courses is done either on the basis of merit or by entrance exams conducted on All India Level.

Electronics engineering requires a very high level of concentration, a sharp memory and a quick learning ability. Those who are very thorough in subjects like Physics and Mathematics can be successful in this field since concepts these subjects are basics in this profession.

Educational Institutions
1. The Birla Institute of Technology, at Pilani, Rajasthan, and Ranchi
2. The University of Roorkee, UP
3. Jadavpur University, Calcutta.
4. VRCE (Visheshsaraiya Regional College Of Engineering), Nagpur.
5. Shivpur Engineering College, Calcutta University
6. Indian Institute of Technology at Bombay, Karagpur.

Job opportunities

This profession has a wide range of job prospects. Electronic engineers are required in various multinational electronics companies, electronics manufacturing companies, defense services, research organizations and various other areas.




SOFTWARE ENGINEER
With the computer revolution and the growing demand of computers in each and every company, office, commercial institution and educational institution, the demand of software engineers is increasing day by day since these are the people who are responsible for the development of computers, web sites, internets and various others sophisticated software's which has revolutionized our entire life system.


Eligibility and Personal Qualities

Engineering courses are done after doing 10+2 by acquiring at least 75 % and above marks in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics (PCM) and also preferably Computer Science. Several State Government Engineering colleges normally hold entrance tests for BE. You can also do B. Tech. Both these courses are of 4 years duration while diploma in any branch of engineering from polytechnic institutes is of 2 to 3 years. Selection to engineering courses is done either on the basis of merit or by entrance exams conducted on All India Level.

Software engineering requires a very high level of concentration, a sharp memory and a quick learning ability. Those who are very thorough in subjects like Physics and Mathematics can be successful in this field since concepts these subjects are basics in this profession.

Educational Institutions

1. The Birla Institute of Technology, at Pilani, Rajasthan, and Ranchi
2. The University of Roorkee, UP
3. Jadavpur University, Calcutta.
4. VRCE (Visheshsaraiya Regional College Of Engineering), Nagpur.
5. Shivpur Engineering College, Calcutta University
6. Indian Institute of Technology at Bombay, Karagpur.

Job Prospects
Computer engineering has a wide range of job prospects. Thousands of government companies and public sector undertakings need computer professionals at various levels. Computer engineers are required in various multinational companies, software development companies, computer-manufacturing companies' defense services, research organizations and various other areas.




FASHION DESIGNER

Fashion is an important aspect of our life style. For today's modern Indian woman who is smart, career-minded, professional, independent and successful fashion is an important part and parcel of life. Fashion designing is hard and serious work. You have to be a dreamer and you should be able to bring your dream into reality. Thus if you are the kind of a person who takes interest in fads and trends of the society, a career in fashion designing is just made for you.

Eligibility and Personal Qualities
Many institutes offer a diploma course in fashion designing after 10+2. There are courses in fashion designing after doing graduation in any stream. The duration of the course may range from 1 year to 3 years depending upon the course you do.

The personal qualities involved are a tremendous creative and visualizing capacity, an artistic touch for blending various colours, fabric and style with one another and believing in your dream. One should have an ability to work in a highly competitive atmosphere and face healthy competition.

Curriculum

The students are first taught garment-manufacturing technology. They are trained to draw fashion illustrations on paper at the beginning of the course, which later on helps them in pattern making on fabrics. In the later stage, computer aided designing and manufacturing hold the center stage as it's supposed to be the most essential part of the course. Marketing strategy, current fashion trends and market response and whole global fashion scenario all come under syllabus.

Educational Institutions

Following are a few renowned institutions:
1. Sophia Polytechnic, Mumbai.
2. CEPZ Institute of Fashion Technology, Mumbai.
3. Pearl Acadamy of Fashion, New Delhi.
4. National Institute of Fashion Technology at New Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Banglore, Hyderabad and Gandhinagar
5. National Institute of Fashion Design, Calcutta.
6. J D Institute of Fashion Technology (various cities).

Job Prospects
There is no end to opportunities in this field and sky is the limit if one has a natural flair for designing. A fashion designer is in excellent demand in clothing companies; export houses and raw material industry as a designer or stylist. Besides all these, one can open one's own boutique or garment house. Fashion Writing, visual merchandising, and costume designing are other career options after doing diploma in fashion designing.




JOURNALISM
Though journalism is a very challenging and adventurous and also risky profession but still women are being more and more attracted to this profession because it involves a certain enigma and superb job satisfaction for which every person craves. In the recent years, with the advent of private channels, various other means of information like computers and Internet, the area and scope of journalism has increased manifold. Reporters, copywriters, freelancers, experts and columnist on various subjects and many other areas are there where one can focus while opting for a career in Journalism.

Eligibility and Personal qualities

After 10+2, there is a three-year course for bachelor in Journalism. This course is available in various colleges run under central and state universities. Some of them have entrance exams while other take admission on the marks basis. Internship period varies from college to college. After graduation many Institutes offer one year PG diploma course in journalism.

A splendor in writing, excellent command over the language and lavish and rich expression of ideas are very important in Journalism. Your reporting should be unbiased and appealing to the readers. You should be able to captivate the minds of the readers and have a tremendous convincing power. Total dedication and patience is equally important.

Curriculum

The basic syllabus for a journalism course in undergraduate or PG diploma course is to teach a person various kind of reporting skills like crime reporting, day to day event reporting, world news reporting, fashion reporting etc. Apart from this all other aspects of a newspaper organization and press law are taught.

Educational Institutions

India Institute of Mass communication, an autonomous body under I & B ministry, offers one-year diploma course in mass communication for which it holds an all India entrance exam. The other institutions are as under.
1. Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
2. Department of Communication and Journalism, University of Poona, Pune 3. Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune
4. New Delhi YMCA, New Delhi 5. Asian College of Journalism, Bangalore

Job Prospects

Various Newspapers, News agencies, Magazines, Web sites, government and private TV channels employ journalist form reporting, editing and copy writing. Apart from this, international papers and news channels offers a large number of vacancies. Opportunities are also available in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.




TEACHER
Teaching is a noble profession and those who have a keen interest of imparting knowledge and training young minds should take up this profession. Our society pays a high regard to the profession of teaching. The area of teaching has become more advanced and sophisticated with the inclusion of computers and other information technologies in the syllabus. It has become a lucrative source of income with the demand for tutorials increasing day by day. Private coaching is also preferred by many employed as well as unemployed youths since it is a good source of income.

Eligibility and Personal qualities

A great academic qualification is required for a career in teaching. You should have a devoted and keen interest in teaching. Bachelor in Education (BEd) is prerequisite for getting any job in higher and secondary level teaching in government as well as private educational institutions. BEd is a two-year course, which is done after graduation, and various colleges impart this course. However it is better to do this course from a government recognized institutions.

Curriculum
The course content for teaching includes various techniques of teaching, interacting with students, learning to deal with classroom situations, handling different kinds of students, student psychology and management. It teaches technique to impart education in the simplest way as well as in an interesting manner, which will benefit the student to grasp the topic well. However much depends on the candidate and her ability to interact with students and teach her students making the subject as easy as possible.

Educational Institutions

Following are a few institutions, which impart Bed courses:
1. Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.
2. Delhi University
3. Indira Gandhi Open University for distant education.

Job Prospects

All educational institutions, which come under department of education, central government as well as state government, have posts for teachers. Schools recognised by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), ICSE etc and Private coaching institutes and tutorial classes also give good job opportunities for teachers.




BUSINESS EXECUTIVE
Business executives play a major role in growth of an industry. A business executive solves problems that arise in the administration of an industry and comes out with fruitful and effective solutions. Thus a business executive earns a handsome salary and in this job you get a lot of satisfaction. Thus this job ensures a promising career and success.

Eligibility and Personal Qualities

For a career in management either you can appear for an Under Graduate Aptitude Test (UGAT) for BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration) course, after 10+2 or after graduation, you can give a Common Admission Test (CAT), Management Aptitude Test (MAT) and other entrance exams conducted by various states' institutions.

For being a successful MBA, a person needs of all other qualities to be efficient to take decisions to the best interest of the company and efficient to overcome hard and critical situations. As competition gets tougher by the day, resilience, confidence, prudence and a multifaceted personality are very important qualities required to be a successful business executive.

Curriculum
MBA is the three-year course, which include theoretical as well as practical training. The syllabus mainly includes subjects like organizational behaviour and management process, business economics, Finance, Marketing, accountancy, human resource management, information technology, and various other industrial and corporate skills.

Educational Institutions

Some of the renowned institutes are as under:
1. Narree Monjee Institue of Management Studies, Mumbai.
2. Institute for Integrated Learning in Management, Delhi
3. Jamnalal Baja Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai
4. The Indian Institute of Management at Ahmedabad, Calcutta, Banglore, Lucknow, Indore
5. Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar

Job Opportunities

There is a vast field for MBA graduates. An MBA is required everywhere from multinational companies to private and public companies. Business executives are required to handle the affairs of banks, hotels agencies, export houses and several other concerns.




BEAUTICIAN
By the day-to-day increasing awareness of beauty and fitness women are more and more being attracted to this field. Women today are more concerned about their looks and appearances and thus those who are looking for a full-fledge and rewarding career in cosmetology, can take up beauty courses. This field is effectively equipped with both institutes imparting training in beauty therapy and beauty parlors, which also run training programmes for the aspiring candidates.

Eligibility and Personal Qualities
Academic qualification is not a must for the beautician course, but there are institutes, which offer admission with preference for 10th, 10+2, graduation etc, depending on the institute. The course depends on institutions that have a 1-year course as well as 2, 4, 6 months course also. You also get a degree certificate. Some institutions also offer placement jobs after passing out from there.

A beautician's career requires lot of creativity and beauty sense. It also demands professional expertise, interaction with people of all ages, attractive and confidant personality, patience to deal with people, good health, cleanliness and hygiene and a business temperament.

Curriculum

In this syllabus a candidate is taught to groom and take care of different body parts like face, hands, legs, skin, nails, body care, make-up, facials, massage and diet. Hairdressing includes treatment of the hair, as well as styling and cuttings. The candidate develops the skill to advise clients about the right hairstyle and maintenance of hair. The whole course trains the candidate to efficiently manage and satisfy any person approaching the beautician for beauty consultancy.

Educational Institutions

There are many private inatitutes that impart training in beauty therapy. Some of India's leading beauticians, skin care and health experts like Shahnaz Hussain, Habib, Blossom Kochhar etc have been running their own parlours at various places in Delhi, Bombay and other metro cities where training in beauty therapy is given and job opportunities are also provided.

Job Opportunities
You can either work in beauty salons or parlors or start your own parlour with proper finance after some good exposure and experience. Working at a health club or fitness center as an instructor can also be a good opportunity. The other options are places like hotels, slimming clinics and personal beauticians and hairdressers of film and TV stars etc.




DOCTOR
The noblest profession is that of a doctor. In the eyes of a person whose near and dear is dying or wounded the position of a doctor is like God. Doctors profession involves high sense of responsibility, feelings and interest to serve the needy, helpless and deprived. It's a profession, which dedicates itself for the selfless service of the society without there being any constrains of time, place, or situation.

Eligibility and Personal qualities
To become a doctor the one has to acquire MBBS degree after clearing 12th standard with at least 75 % marks in PCB (Physics, chemistry and Biology) and then register herself with the state Medical council. The Central Board of Secondary Education holds an All India Entrance Examination for admission to medical and dental courses in medical and dental colleges run by the union government, state governments of India. Apart from this, every state conducts an entrance examination for admission to the MBBS/BDS (bachelor of dental science) course in medical colleges located in that state. There are private colleges also for MBBS course where lot of capitation fees is normally demanded.

After passing the MBBS exams and completing the internship one can either study further to get a degree such as doctor of medicine, master of surgery or other diploma courses. The period of training for postgraduate degrees is three years and for diploma is two years.

The personal qualities required are hard work, dedication, sincerity, and patience, urge to serve the poor, needy, sick and helpless people. One should possess the ability to bear the pain and sufferings experienced by others and do the best to help them.

Educational Institutes

The renowned institutions are:
1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
2. The Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Science, Wardha
3. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
4. Kasturba Medical College, Manglore

Job Opportunities

After completing the course one can find a job in hospitals, clinics, hospitals run by the central government, state government or private ownership and in the Indian Defense Services. They can also work as teachers and lectures in medical colleges. Moreover the Employees State Insurance Corporation has its hospitals/dispensaries all over the country, to provide medical aid to industrial workers where one can find a good number of vacancies. You can also start your own clinic as a general practitioner and become a registered doctor.


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