Dance of India
Jhumeila, the Chaunfla of Garhwal and the Hurkia Baul
of Kumaon are seasonal dances. The Hurka Baul is performed
during paddy and maize cultivation. On a fixed day,
after preliminary ritual, the dance is performed in
different fields by turns. The name of the dance is
derived from hurka, the drum which constitutes the only
musical accompaniment, and baul, the song. The singer
narrates the story of battles and heroic deeds, the
players enter from two opposite sides and enact the
stories in a series of crisp movements. The farmers
form two rows and move backwards in unison, while responding
to the tunes of the song and the rhythm of the players.
A famous dance of Kumaon, Uttar Pradesh, is the Chholiya,
performed during marriages. As the procession proceeds
to the bride's house, men dancers, armed with swords
and shields, dance spiritedly.
Amongst the occupational groups, the most enthusiastic
dancers are the dhobis, the chamars and the ahirs. The
dhobis dance to celebrate any significant occasion.
They sing and dance on the occasion of a birth or marriage,
and during Holi or Dussehra. There are Rasa Dances that
revolve around the early life of Krishna.
The most interesting group of dances are the dances
of the agricultural community which revolve round the
annual seasons and which have a ritualistic and a functional