WALL PAINTED MURALS
the 4th century AD. in a remote valley in Western India,
work began on the Ajanta caves to create a complex of
Buddhist monasteries and prayer halls. The sculptor-monks
who lived here during the months of rain also took up
a novel exercise of painting large tempera murals on
the walls of the caves. The walls and ceilings were
painted with frescoes in vibrant mineral colours. These
paintings turned out to be of a quality which has never
The themes of these wall painted murals range from Buddhist
legends to decorative patterns of flowers and animals.
They seek to depict permanent human values and principles
and are also records of the social texture of the times.
The Golden Age of India under the Mauryan Empire was
marked by luxurious living and splendour. The Ajanta
murals were painted during this time of prosperity.
These murals also formed the basis of an entire aesthetic
tradition which later spread to other countries in Asia.
Versatility of line and form and role of color and composition
are the endearing features of this art form. These paintings
create a feeling of gaiety, wonder and resonance in
the beholder. The viewer is transported into another
state of consciousness where sound and light and colour
and palpable form are fused into one separate reality.