craft is probably the earliest of man's creations. Pottery
has been called the lyric of handicrafts because of
its irresistible and universal appeal.Clay pottery is
an ancient art form in India, dating back to well over
10,000 years, and nowhere in the world is the part played
by traditional folk pottery greater than in this country.
Excavations at Mohenjodaro and Harappa , and clay objects
found at the sites of the Indus Valley Civilisation,
ratifies the high quality of skill and technology of
the Indian Potter. According to Hindu mythology, Brahma
is the creator of the universe, and it is said that
he made the image of man out of clay before breathing
life into it.
There are a wide range of pottery in India, such as
pottery of the tribal or aboriginal people of India
as well as Mohammedan pottery.
Most terracotta art and pottery is produced by moulding
objects by hand or on the wheel, and firing them in
an open oven. A smoother finish, when needed, is given
by rubbing and polishing the surface with wooden palettes
or stones while it is still wet.
The terracotta tradition of creating figures of deities
on ceremonial and auspicious occasions brings out the
religious nature of their pottery.
The most common form of pottery as such is the domestic
one wherein the earthenware is simple, attractive, and
true to the material.
The concept of clay toys is one of the most creative
and sound of all the craft traditions. Black pottery,
Blue pottery , Lac-coated terracotta, temple bricks
and decorative roof tiles are some of the wonders that
spin off the indian potter's wheel.